Know all about Alopecia Areata

The spat between two huge stars Shocked everyone at the 2022 Oscar Awards ceremony. Will Smith couldn’t control his feelings when the renowned Comedian Chris Rock made a joke about his wife Jada Pinkett Smith’s Bald look. In 2021, Jada Revealed on her Instagram that she is suffering from a hair loss condition known as Alopecia Areata. But what is Alopecia Areata? Let’s get familiar with this controversial topic that needs our full attention right now. Inputs by Dr. BL Jangid, Dermatologist & Hair Transplant Surgeon, SkinQure Clinic, Saket-New Delhi shares Insights on the condition.


What is Alopecia Areata?

Alopecia Areata is considered a common autoimmune disorder that often leads to uncertain hair loss. In most cases, the loss of hair is nothing more than a few patches, but in some cases, people experience extreme hair loss. It has been seen that sometimes, it can lead to complete hair loss from the scalp (Alopecia Totalis) or from the entire body (Alopecia Universalis).

Regardless of age, and gender, this condition can affect anyone, although now it probably occurs before the age of 30.

What are the Symptoms?

The most common symptom of this severe condition is patchy hair loss on the scalp. It starts when coin-sized patches of hair begin to fall out mainly on the scalp. Not only on the scalp, but hair loss can also occur on other parts of the face and on the other body parts as well.

You may notice chunks of hair on your pillow or in the shower and bald patches in certain areas of the scalp. There may be Sudden itching and burning in the area of ​​hair loss. Apart from the hair loss from the scalp and other body parts, Alopecia Areata can also affect the fingernails and toenails, and on that basis, it can be seen as the first sign of this severe condition

Now individuals who suffer from Alopecia Areata find that their condition either becomes extreme or becomes a continuous cycle of hair growth and hair loss.


What is the cause?

Alopecia Areata is an autoimmune condition that occurs when white cells attack the cells of the hair follicles which causes to shrink them and slow down the production of hair. In simpler words, this condition develops when your immune system Mistakes cells for foreign substances. But keep in mind that this disorder is not affected by your lifestyle or food eating habits.

Moreover, autoimmunity can also get associated with other conditions as well as hypothyroidism, diabetes, arthritis, vitiligo, or any other autoimmune disorder.

Apart from this, there is a certain factor that also plays a major role in causing this condition, that is stress. Yes, stress can potentially trigger this condition and can cause further more problems.


What is the Treatment?

The treatment of alopecia areata depends on the severity and the stage of the disease and can be treated using medical treatments that include topical agents, injections, oral treatments, and light therapy. Initially, a good dermatologist can conduct several investigations, starting with topical medications and some steroid injections or mesotherapy.

Depending upon the severity of the condition there are some other options too that can be considered for the treatment like Oral immune suppressive therapy and topical therapy.

It is advisable that all treatments should be taken under the guidance of an experienced and qualified dermatologist.

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